Ear Nose Throat

Ear Nose Throat

Ear, nose, and throat, is the medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis, medical and surgical treatment of ear, nose and throat disorders. Conditions treated may include hearing loss, dizziness, diseases of the nose and sinuses including taste and smell disorders as well, voice and swallowing disorders, tonsil and adenoid disorders, snoring and breathing problems during sleep, thyroid and thyroid disease, and head and neck cancer.

The Department of Otolaryngology is a frequently visited unit as a medical specialty that deals with diseases and conditions in the ear, nose and throat region of the body. If you have a problem with these body areas, your doctor may refer you to an ear, nose and throat specialist.

What is the ear, nose and throat?

An ear, nose, and throat specialist, also known as an otolaryngologist, is a doctor with many special skills. Doctors working in this field diagnose and treat a variety of ear, nose and throat conditions. Otolaryngologists can treat acute cases and work in primary care for adults and children.

When the condition is severe, the otolaryngologist determines the cause and then finds the correct course of treatment for the patient. Otolaryngologists perform examinations, surgeries and check up on a variety of head related diseases.


Ear, Nose and Throat Surgery

Dr. Baki Yilmaz is an ear, nose and throat surgeon. It offers a variety of services to treat ear, nose and throat conditions, including:

  • Aesthetics of the prominent ear (otoplasty)

  • Adenoid surgery (adenotonsillectomy)

  • Tympanoplasty

  • Endoscopic sinus surgery and balloon sinusoplasty

  • Ventilation Tube Placement and Balloon Tuboplasty

  • Septoplasty (nose bone – cartilage curvature)

  • Concha Radiofrequency and Concha Surgery

  • Thyroid and parathyroid surgery

  • Voice surgery

  • Neoplastic surgery of the nose and paranasal sinuses

Who is an ear, nose and throat specialist?

Otolaryngology is the oldest medical specialty. Otolaryngologists are physicians trained in the medical and surgical management and treatment of patients with diseases and conditions of the ear, nose, throat, and head and neck structures. They are often referred to as otolaryngologists.

His skills include diagnosing and treating diseases of the sinuses, larynx (voice box), oral cavity and upper pharynx (mouth and larynx), as well as the areas of the face and neck. Otolaryngologists diagnose, treat and manage disorders specific to their medical specialty as well as many primary care problems in both children and adults.

What do ear, nose and throat specialists treat?

Ears. Hearing loss affects one in ten people. The unique field of otolaryngologists is the treatment of ear diseases. They are trained in the medical and surgical treatment of hearing, ear infections, balance disorders, neuropathic pain, and disorders of the facial and cranial nerves. Otolaryngologists treat congenital (present from birth) disorders of the outer and inner ear.

Nose. About 35 million people develop chronic sinusitis each year, making it one of the most common health problems in the world. Caring for the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses is an essential skill for otolaryngologists. The management of the nasal area includes allergies and the sense of smell as well. Nose breathing and the appearance of the nose are specialties of otolaryngologists.

Throat. The work of the larynx includes life functions such as communication (speaking and singing) and eating. The specialty of otolaryngologists is the management of diseases of the larynx, respiratory tract, upper gastrointestinal tract or esophagus, including voice and swallowing disorders.

Head and Neck This area of the body contains important nerves that control vision, smell, hearing, and the face. In the head and neck area, ENT doctors are trained to treat infectious diseases such as benign and malignant (cancerous) tumors, facial trauma and facial deformities. We perform plastic and reconstructive surgery for such diseases.

What makes otolaryngologists most suitable for treating disorders of the ear, nose, throat and related structures of the head and neck?

These specialists differ from many doctors in that they are trained in both medicine and surgery. Otorhinolaryngologists do not need to refer their patients to other doctors when ENT or head/neck surgery is required and can therefore provide complete complete care to each patient.

Diagnosis and treatment in seven specialties

Otology/Neurology: diseases of the ear, including trauma (injury), cancer, and nerve pathway disorders that affect hearing and balance.

Examples: ear infection. Swimmer’s ear, hearing loss, earache, face and neck, dizziness, tinnitus.

Pediatric Otolaryngology: Diseases affecting children with specific ENT problems, including head and neck birth defects and developmental delays.

Examples: ear infection, tonsillitis and adenoids, airway problems, Down syndrome, asthma and allergy/sinus disease.

Head and Neck: Cancerous and noncancerous tumors of the head and neck, including the thyroid and parathyroid glands.

Examples: swelling in the neck or thyroid gland, laryngeal cancer.

Facial plastic and reconstructive surgery: Aesthetic, functional and reconstructive surgical treatment of deformities of the face and neck.

Examples: nasal septum deviation, face and neck cancer removal and reconstruction, facelift, ptosis.

Rhinology: Disorders of the nose and sinuses.

Examples: sinus disorder, epistaxis (nosebleeds), nasal congestion, loss of sense of smell.

Laryngology: Throat disorders, including problems with voice and swallowing.

Examples: sore throat, hoarseness, swallowing disorder, gastroesophageal reflux disease.

Allergies: drug therapy, immunotherapy, and/or avoidance of pollen, dust, mold, food, and other sensitivities that affect the ears, nose, and throat.

Examples: hay fever, seasonal and persistent rhinitis, chronic sinusitis, laryngitis, sore throat, otitis media and dizziness.

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